Make your own free website on

Sparks Fly
[Home] [PBS VideoDatabase] [Social Studies] [TSU] [UVA]


Models for Instruction with Technology

Model Definition Elements Features Uses Example
Library Model

Guided Tour

Model that provides efficient access to various resources (electronic) that supply the content.  The links supplement the objectives and serve as an electronic resource.
Links to URLs such as
  • Online encyclopedias
  • Online journals
  • Online books
  • Online reading lists
  • Research sites
  • Subject-related sites
  • Concise lists with descriptions of sites
  • An online library service with guidance
  • Organized lists
Used when the designer is providing informational resource links as a research tool.  Limits the scope of research on the Internet Links Pages
Textbook Model This model creates a textbook on the computer either with the Internet or files. This frequently includes an online textbook or manual.  This model provides specific instructional material rather than links to resources.
  • Syllabus
  • Lecture and course notes
  • Class comments
  • Presentations
  • Handouts
  • Video and graphics displayed in class
  • Class related documents
  • Up-to-date
  • Potentially conserves paper and provides for differentiation in instruction
Provides for immediacy and supplements an existing content This site is the Textbook Model
Interactive Instruction Model

Scavenger Hunt

CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction) and CBI (computer based instruction) provide student interaction with the software on the
  • Online tutorial
  • Interactive modules
  • Practice and feedback
  • Simulations
  • Interactivity
  • Feedback
  • Guidance
  • Multimedia


Testing; Drill and Practice, tutorials, simulations; Good check for skills and knowledge (base level) Lessons using simulation software like Oregon Trail or creation software like HyperStudio Search Engines used
Computer Mediated Communication Model Communication with other students, instructors, and experts. Uses e-mail and computer conferencing for communication.
  • E-mail
  • Listservs
  • Discussion forums
  • Computer conferencing
  • Collaborative learning
  • Forum for communications
  • Efficient feedback
Designers goal is to facilitate communication and interaction between learners. Education listserv

NASA "Ask the Expert"

Virtual Classroom


Integrated model that shows features many of the above discussed models. A teaching and learning process located within a computer mediated system.
  • Hyperlinks to resources
  • Supplemental resources
  • Interactive feedback and practice
  • Access to e-mail, listserv, discussion forums, computer conferencing
  • Concise lists of URLs
  • Course notes
  • Interactivity
  • Feedback
  • Guidance
  • Multimedia
  • Collaborative learning
  • Forum for communication


The future?  Learning at any time compliments of the Internet


Web Teacher the interactive site to provide basic training for teachers on using the Internet
NTeQ Problem solving lesson incorporating computer technology
  • Objectives
  • Problem
  • Data collection
  • Presentation
  • Computer activities
  • Evaluation
  • Variety of activities (both with computer and before and after use)
  • Rubric Assessment
Detailed model to provide structure to encourage teacher use. Lesson with technology at application level 
WebQuest Integrated problem solving scenario that requires cooperative learning and discovery to reach a solution.
  • Task
  • Resources
  • Process
  • Learning Advice
  • Assessment
  • Debriefing
  • Cooperative learning
  • Discovery and problem solving
  • Guidance from teacher/creator of quest
  • Rubric assessment
To encourage problem solving and cooperative communication efforts.  Good model to encourage higher order critical thinking skills History concepts

Science topics especially the environment

ASSURE Hybrid model that is close to the behaviorist (Hunter) model of instruction; Key to difference is the active involvement of the learner (hands on activities).
  • Analysis of learners
  • Objectives
  • Multimedia materials
  • Use of computers
  • Learner participation
  • Evaluation and revision
  • Use of computers required for learner hands on activities
  • Learner participation throughout the lesson
  • Fosters interaction with technology
Good transitional model for traditional instruction to technology infused Traditional lesson in computer lab providing content instruction with application software


This page was updated on:  04/10/02