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Integrating Technology Into Your Classroom

 

    We are now at a point where we must educate our children in what no one knew yesterday; and prepare our schools for what no one knows yet.

Margaret Mead

 

WHY INTEGRATE?

l   NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT

l   Technology integration component--required

l   Must be Implemented by December 31, 2006

 

NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND:  What Does it say?

STATE EDUCATION AGENCIES WILL:

“(1) Ensure ongoing  integration of technology into school curricula and instructional strategies in all schools in the state, so that technology will be fully integrated into the curricula and instruction of the schools by December 31, 2006;

“(2) Develop long - term strategies for improving student academic achievement,  including technology literacy, through effective use of technology in  classrooms throughout the state, including through improving the capacity  of teachers to integrate technology effectively into curricula and instruction;

 

What Do We Mean by “Integration”?

l   The use of technology tools by students and teachers within the classroom environment to support existing curricular goals and objectives in a variety of learning activities

In other words…

      Using available technology as a tool in the classroom. The same as you would use a book or a manipulative.

      NOT “playing” a computer game when a child finishes his/her work.

      NOT as an “add-on”

      Goal should be to use technology in every phase of your curriculum.

 

Where do I start?

l     Set up Computer Groups

l     Rules and Expectations

l     Schedule technology use into the Classroom

l     Collaborate with others who teach

l     Explore a one Computer Classroom

 

What to do with ONE Computer?

l    Teachers can…

    Use the computer for classroom presentations and demonstrations

    Introduce new concepts

    Maintain class records, access the Internet and do research

    Use computer as teaching assistant

    Foster group and cooperative learning

l   Students can…

   Internet access

   Use Multimedia software

   Write an ongoing story

   Class newsletter

   Use it to present assignments, projects, and research activities to the entire class

 

Computer Labs:  How to Enhance Traditional Classroom Instruction

   All students have hands-on experience

   Often used to teach technology skills or subject-specific skills

   Integrate specific software into subject area content

   Research with the Internet

 

Information Collecting and Research

l      The Internet provides a vast array or resources for students.

l      Students need to develop the skills to identify the information required and how to get it.

l      Internet skills need to be developed, so all students are skilled at using the Internet to gain information.

 

Three ways to help integrate the Internet

l   Guided Tours

l   Scavenger Hunts

l   WebQuests

 

Why?

l    Because students need…

    Direction

    To be efficient in finding information

    To have different learning activities to match their manner of learning

    To rise to the challenge

l    Because computers are fascinating to students

l    Because the bottom line is student interest and achievement

 

Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience states…

 

More Engagement=More Learning

 

 

 

Guided Tours

What is unique about a Guided Tour?

l     The tour will focus the student on a specific content and offers limited choices.

l     The teacher creates the tour to lead the student to sites that are predetermined.

l     The student answers the questions as they visit a site or link.

l     There may be one site or two or three specific sites.

l     Questions can be answered at that site. No further searching is necessary.

Characteristics

l     Like Guided Practice

l     Teacher guides the student through new material

l     Limits the need to use search engines

l     Focuses the student on a specific content and offers opportunities for the student to make limited choices by limiting the number of sites to be visited. 

l     Most like textbook activity but has higher interest because done on computer

 

Guided Tour Websites

l      Steps to create a guided tour

    http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/creating.htm

l      JFK Tour

    http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/GuidedTours/jfk/jfk.htm

l      Inventions

    http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/Inventions.htm

l      Vietnam War

    http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/GuidedTours/vietnam/vietnamwar.htm

l      The Constitution

    http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/constitution/constitutionguided.htm

Create Guided Tours at TrackStar  http://scrtec.org/track/

    

Scavenger Hunts

l    are a means for students to collect information on a topic.

l    encourage use of appropriate search strategies.

l    are a step up from random surfing.

l    require teachers to formulate questions for the students to answer.

l   create focus for each student.

l   create a model for searching on the Internet.

l   create an accountability method.

 

Scavenger Hunt Sites

l   http://www.lclark.edu/~krauss/usia/enginehunt.html

l   http://www.spa3.k12.sc.us/Scavenger.html

http://www.utc.edu/~tpa/mcallister/students/f96novak.html#two

Create Scavenger Hunts and more at Filamentality.  http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/guide_trainers.html

 

WebQuests

The Scoop on WebQuests

l     Inquiry-Oriented

l     Usually interdisciplinary

l     Usually include Reading & Writing tasks

l     HOTS

l     Frequently include Teacher notes & rubrics

l     Usually require group work

 

WebQuests

l   The WebQuest Page  http://www.sdsu.edu/webquest.html

l   King Tut:  Was it Murder?  http://pekin.net/pekin108/wash/webquest

l   Patriotic Themes in Country Music http://www.pampetty.com/countrymusic.htm

l   Virginia Focus http://scott.k12.va.us/martha2/

 

WEBQUESTS

l   Webquests

Matrix of quests

   http://webquest.sdsu.edu/matrix.html

Samples and directions

   http://www.teachersfirst.com/summer/webquest/quest-a.shtml

Kathy Schrock Guide to WebQuests

   http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/webquest/webquest.html

 

Some Caveats

l    Use prep time to familiarize yourself with someone else’s plan from the Internet

    Is the task appropriate?

    Do the links work?

    How are you going to teach it?

l    Don’t ask the kids to do it if you are clueless!

l    Have “fillers” available

l    Supervise! Supervise! Supervise!

 

In a WEBQUESTS

    Each role has responsibilities, questions to answer and websites that they use to find the answers

    Every WebQuest has a concluding activity that draws the information together.  Such as, each of the role-players get together to design one board game that maps out the journey of Lewis and Clark.

    The WebQuest uses websites, online maps, interviews, primary documents, anything available on the web.

 

How do you assess student’s learning during a Quest?

l      What did we Learn? Journal entries

l      Short Talks about discoveries

l      Weekly Quiz

l      Portfolio Write-up every Friday

l      Research Project - long term assessment

How to Develop a Great Web Quest - F.O.C.U.S

l    Find great sites

l    Orchestrate your learners and resources

l    Challenge your learners to think

l    Use the medium

l    Scaffold high expectations

Make your Own Web Quest

l   Introduction - Write a short paragraph to introduce the activity. The purpose of this section is to ‘hook’ the student.

l   Set the stage to motivate the students

l   e.g. Mary Stone is arriving in the colony of Virginia.  The year is 1619 and she eagerly…

 

The Task

l      The Task could be:

l      A problem or mystery to be solved

l      Product to be designed

l      Facts to be examined

l      Summary to be created

l      A Journal to be written

l      A Creative piece of work

 

l      Anything that requires the learners to process and transform the information they have gathered

 

Integration

l   Remember—the computer is NOT the focus

l   It is the tool used in teaching, learning, and evaluation.

Bottom line?

  Integrating technology is not about the tool...

  It’s about what is done with the tool

l   The technology-using teacher’s job is to find the right tool for the task

 

Where to Go for Info?

 

l   Global Schoolnet Resources http://globalschoolnet.org/resources/index.html

l   Integrating the Internet   http://www.sun-ssociates.com/Internet/integint.html  

l   On-line list of Internet integration ideas and resources

l   The Gateway to Educational Materials  http://www.thegateway.org/

 

Teacher’s Task

l   Think student use as well as teacher use

l   Engage your students in the planning

l   Do it!

l     Google Advanced Search  http://www.google.com/advanced_search?hl=en

    Look for what you want

    Look for file types, i.e., PowerPoint .ppt

    Never go to second search page if not found on first page

 

Resources

l     History Gateways

    PBS History  http://www.pbs.org/neighborhoods/history/ 

    Gilder-Lehrman Institute of American History http://www.gliah.uh.edu/index.cfm

    The History Net  http://www.historynet.com/

    Annenburg/CPB-Biography of America  http://www.learner.org/biographyofamerica/

    NOVA Online-History  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/archive/int_hist.html

Subject Specific

l    War Stories-Further Info http://www.bataviacsd.org/MS/SWATWarStories/furtherinfo.htm

l    Thinkquest http://www.thinkquest.org/library/IC_index.html

Unit Plans

l     Classroom Today  http://www.classroom.com/login/landing.jhtml;jsessionid=ABL1P2NP45IHPQFICQFC2SQ?_requestid=4507

    Subscription Required

l     Blue Web’n http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/bluewebn/content/Cat_8_App_2.html

l     Education World http://www.education-world.com/

l     TeachersFirst  http://www.teachersfirst.com/matrix.htm

l     Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute  http://www.cis.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/

l     WebQuests

    The ultimate plan

Lesson Plans

l     Columbia Education Center  http://www.col-ed.org/cur/Soc

l     Ask ERIC  http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/lessons.cgi/Social_Studies

l     PBS Teacher Source  http://askeric.org/cgi-bin/lessons.cgi/Social_Studies

l     Awesome Library  http://www.awesomelibrary.org/Classroom/Social_Studies/Social_Studies.html

l     Sites for Teachers  http://www.sitesforteachers.com/resources_sharp/socialstudies.html

l     A to Z Teacher Stuff  http://www.atozteacherstuff.com/

l     Cagle (Professional Cartoonist Index)  http://cagle.slate.msn.com/

l     National Archives  http://archives.gov/digital_classroom/index.html

l     NY Times Learning Network  http://nytimes.com/learning/

 

Activities

l     Online Projects

    Global Schoolhouse  http://www.gsh.org/pr/_cfm/index.cfm

    Blue Web’n http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/bluewebn/content/Cat_8_App_7.html

l     Telecommunications

    Ask an Expert  http://www.askanexpert.com/

l     Events and Expeditions

    Virtual Field Trips http://www.field-trips.org/index.htm

    Virtual Tours  http://www.virtualfreesites.com/tours.html

    Classroom Connect Quests  http://quest.classroom.com/

 

HOTS

l    Higher Order Thinking Skills

    Already in most well-written materials

    Refresher on Bloom’s Taxonomy  http://www.coun.uvic.ca/learn/program/hndouts/bloom.html

    Refresher on Essential Questions  http://www.fno.org/sept96/questions.html

 

Search Engines

Yahooligans  www.yahooligans.com

Google  www.google.com

Education Planet  http://educationplanet.com

The Amazing Picture Machine http://www.ncrtec.org/picture.htm

Teacher Files  www.teacherfiles.com/clip_art.htm

 

Digital Age

   Children are native to the digital age … adults are immigrants.

Cheryl Lemke

 

Searching for Information

l         Carnegie Library’s site www.clpgh.org and/or your library’s catalog, either online or card

          Online searching and books work together

l         Student friendly search engines

          www.yahooligans.com

          www.kidsclick.com

          www.ask.com

l         Search terms should be specific

Project Checklist

l   http://www.4teachers.org/projectbased/

Students Assessment

l   Rubrics: http://rubistar.4teachers.org/

l   Electronic portfolio- Dr. Helen Barret: http://transition.alaska.edu/www/portfolios.html

 

Resources

l    Project-Based Learning: http://www.4teachers.org/projectbased/

l    Thematic Units:  http://atozteacherstuff.com/themes/

l    ITI- Interdisciplinary Teams Instruction: http://www.ael.org/rel/iti/

l    Inquiry-based Learning: http://www.biopoint.com/inquiry/ibr.html

l    Inquiry Page:http://inquiry.uiuc.edu/

l   Global School Project: http://www.gsn.org/

l   China Project: http://www.globaled.org/chinaproject/index.html

l   K-12 Projects: http://www.esc20.net/etprojects/

l   Evaluating Internet Research Sources:

http://www.virtualsalt.com/evalu8it.htm

http://www.louisville.edu/infoliteracy/evaluate.htm

 

Print Sources:

l         Berger, Pam Internet for Active Learners: Curriculum Based Strategies for K.12 American Library Association,1998.

l         Chirinian,Alain.Internet Activities for Sciecne. Westminster CA. Teacher Created Materials,Inc.1999

l         Chirinian,Alain.Simple Internet Activities-Intermediate Ed. Sharon Croan Westminster,CA.Teacher Created Materials, Inc. 1999

l         Gimotty, Susan. Computer Activities Through the Year. Westminster CA.Teacher Created Materials, Inc.1999

l         Joseph, Linda C.Net Curriculum: An Educator’s Guide to Using the Internet, Information Today, Inc.1999

l         Kelly, Deidre Web Hunts and Virtual Field Trips. Teacher Created Materials, Inc.2001

l         Kopp, Kathleen. Internet Activities for Social Studies-Intermediate.Westminster,CA. Teacher Created Materials, Inc.1998.

l         Kopp, Kathleen.Internet Activities for Social Studies-Primary. Westminster CA.Teacher Created Materials, Inc. 1998