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Early America

  • Early America’s Bloodiest Battle
    On September 17, 1791 Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair headed north from what is                 now Cincinnati, Ohio to establish a fort at the head of the Maumee River. 

  • Anthony Wayne
    Anthony Wayne was one of the most colorful Commanders-in-Chief of the army of the United States. Some have acclaimed him as the first native-born military genius, whose greatness as an organizer of troops and military affairs is only now beginning to be recognized. Due to his brilliant exploits during the American Revolution, he was regarded as a military hero in his own time, but his greatest achievement came after the Revolution.

  • Fallen Timbers
    Following the American Revolution, the Native American peoples of the Midwest were increasingly pushed from their homelands by white settlement. Two ill-fated U.S. military expeditions, led by Generals Josiah Harmar (1790) and Arthur St. Clair (1791), were defeated by a confederation of Native American tribes led by Michikinikwa (Litte Turtle) of the Miami.

  • History of the Cherokee

  • Relations between the US and Native Americans

  • The Period of American Domination
    The year 1795 can be regarded as an important turning point in Indian affairs in the northwest. Though peace with England was  established in 1783, the war with their Indian allies was not to be concluded as easily. The difficulty in securing peace was perhaps due to a new factor in the complex relations with Indians on the frontier.

  • The Creek
    The Creek were originally one of the dominant tribes in the mid-south and later became known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes.

  • Jefferson’s Character
    Thomas Jefferson's views of American Indians were formed not just in the peaceful study at Monticello and in the halls of the American Philosophical Society. They were also fashioned on horseback, in taverns, and in legislative chambers by a close  observer of the almost endless war, diplomacy and treaty-making that accompanied Virginia's, and later the United States', efforts to obtain the lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains, whose foothills lay in a hazy blue line in western Albemarle County.

This page was updated on:  04/10/02